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Planar Peg-in-Hole Insertion Using a Stiffness Controllable Pneumatic Manipulator

[+] Author Affiliations
Yong Zhu, Eric J. Barth

Vanderbilt University

Paper No. IMECE2005-81667, pp. 815-822; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2005-81667
From:
  • ASME 2005 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Dynamic Systems and Control, Parts A and B
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, November 5 – 11, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Dynamic Systems and Control Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4216-9 | eISBN: 0-7918-3769-6
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME

abstract

This paper presents a method for the impedance control of a pneumatic manipulator for peg-in-hole tasks without using a load cell. The control methodology presented contains a sliding mode force controller and an adaptive pressure summation relationship, which enforces the controllable natural stiffness of the pneumatic actuator. This is accomplished by utilizing two three-way proportional spool valves for each degree-of-freedom instead of a four-way valve typically used in fluid power control. Combinations of intrinsic stiffness provided by the compressibility of air and closed-loop stiffness provided by impedance parameters are studied. Experimental results are shown demonstrating that gentle transition from non-contact to contact tasks can be achieved without the use of a load cell by taking advantage of the intrinsically low stiffness of a pneumatic manipulator. Experimental results are also shown demonstrating sensorless (no load cell) force-guided insertion of a planar peg-in-hole task with position uncertainties (hole location not precisely known).

Copyright © 2005 by ASME

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