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Bifurcation and Chaos in Friction-Induced Vibration

[+] Author Affiliations
Yong Li, Z. C. Feng

University of Missouri at Columbia, Columbia, MO

Paper No. IMECE2002-32811, pp. 471-479; 9 pages
  • ASME 2002 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Design Engineering
  • New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, November 17–22, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3628-2 | eISBN: 0-7918-1691-5, 0-7918-1692-3, 0-7918-1693-1
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME


Friction-induced vibration is a phenomenon that has received extensive study by the dynamics community. This is because of the important industrial relevance and the evere-volving development of new friction models. In this paper, we report the result of bifurcation study of a single-degree-of-freedom mechanical oscillator sliding over a surface. The friction model we use is that developed by Canudas de Wit et al, a model that is receiving increasing acceptance from the mechanics community. Using this model, we find a stable limit cycle at intermediate sliding speed for a single-degree-of-freedom mechanical oscillator. Moreover, the mechanical oscillator can exhibit chaotic motions. For certain parameters, numerical simulation suggests the existence of a Silnikov homoclinic orbit. This is not expected in a single-degree-of-freedom system. The occurrence of chaos becomes possible because the friction model contains one internal variable. This demonstrates a unique characteristic of the friction model. Unlike most friction models, the present model is capable of simultaneously modeling self-excitation and predicting stick-slip at very low sliding speed as well.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME



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