0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Measurement of Dynamic and Equilibrium Surface Tension of Surfactant Solutions by the Maximum Bubble Pressure Method

[+] Author Affiliations
Manish Bahl, Juntao Zhang, Raj M. Manglik

University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH

Paper No. HT2003-47137, pp. 765-771; 7 pages
doi:10.1115/HT2003-47137
From:
  • ASME 2003 Heat Transfer Summer Conference
  • Heat Transfer: Volume 1
  • Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 21–23, 2003
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3693-2 | eISBN: 0-7918-3679-7
  • Copyright © 2003 by ASME

abstract

Surfactant solution systems are encountered in many different applications, including as a method to enhance the nucleate boiling performance of water. Characterizing the attendant interfacial phenomena requires precise predictions of their surface tension relaxation behavior. In this study, both the dynamic and equilibrium surface tension behavior of aqueous surfactant solutions has been investigated using the maximum bubble pressure method. The surface tension is measured as a function of concentration at room (23°C) and elevated (80°C) temperatures. The critical micelle concentration (c.m.c.) of each surfactant is calculated from their respective equilibrium adsorption isotherms. The dynamic surface tension measurements are obtained at a surface age of 50 ms, which simulates conditions typically encountered during nucleate boiling of water. Two anionic surfactants, Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate (SDS) and Sodium Lauryl Ether Sulfate (SLES), two cationic surfactants Dodecyl Trimethyl Ammonium Chloride (DTAC) and Ethoquad O12/PG, and one non-ionic surfactant Triton X-100 have been used. SLES, Ethoquad O12/PG and Triton X-100 have, respectively, 3, 2, and 9–10 degrees of ethoxylation, which tends to alter the interfacial rheology. The σ–C isotherms show marked variation based on the surfactant ionic nature and the number of ethoxy groups present, along with the effects of temperature, with considerably less surface relaxation under dynamic conditions compared to those at equilibrium.

Copyright © 2003 by ASME

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In