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Modeling of a Partial-Flow, Diesel, Lean NOx Trap Systems

[+] Author Affiliations
Shawn Midlam-Mohler, Yann Guezennec

Ohio State University

Paper No. IMECE2005-80834, pp. 453-461; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2005-80834
From:
  • ASME 2005 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Dynamic Systems and Control, Parts A and B
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, November 5 – 11, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Dynamic Systems and Control Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4216-9 | eISBN: 0-7918-3769-6
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME

abstract

Lean NOx Traps (LNTs) have shown promise for Diesel applications; however, production implementation in vehicles poses a number of challenges. Much of the literature reports on LNT systems in which the catalyst always receives the full flow of exhaust from the engine, referred here as full-flow regeneration systems. Another implementation of the LNT is one in which the exhaust can be partially or fully diverted from the catalyst to allow local introduction of the necessary reductants for regeneration. The physical aspects of one such system, as well as a control-oriented model are presented with experimental validation. In the system described here, the exhaust flow is diverted around the catalyst during regenerations. In the low exhaust flow through the catalyst, reductant is added (Diesel fuel typically) which provides the rich conditions for regenerating the trap. This allows the engine to continue to run in normal lean mode, which overcomes one of the major challenges for full-flow regeneration systems. Successful regeneration with liquid Diesel fuel is strongly dependent on catalyst temperature, which is addressed by proper thermal management of the system through the addition of fuel prior to regeneration. In this paper, both component level and vehicle level simulations are presented in terms of fuel economy versus NOx reduction. Several different system configurations and control strategies are compared.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME

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