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Safety and Comfort Analysis of Optimal Seats With Active and Semi-Active Suspension

[+] Author Affiliations
M. Bouazara

University of Quebec at Chicoutimi, Chicoutimi, QC, Canada

M. J. Richard

University of Laval, Quebec, Canada

S. Rakheja

University of Concordia, Montreal, QC, Canada

Paper No. IMECE2002-33196, pp. 87-92; 6 pages
  • ASME 2002 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Design Engineering
  • New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, November 17–22, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3628-2 | eISBN: 0-7918-1691-5, 0-7918-1692-3, 0-7918-1693-1
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME


A generalized nonlinear model is formulated for dynamic analysis of suspension seats with passive, semi-active and active dampers. The model incorporates coulomb friction due to suspension linkages and bushings, forces arising from interactions with the elastic limit stops, a linear suspension spring and nonlinear damping force on the basis of passive, semi-active and active dampers, while the contribution due to biodynamics of the human operator is considered to be negligible. The semi-active and active dampers are charcterized by force generators in accordance with the control laws based upon suspension mass velocity. Two different suspension seats are experimentally assessed in the laboratory under sinusoidal and random excitations arising from an urban bus, and the measured data is used to demonstrate the validity of the proposed generalized model. The results showed reasonably good agreement between the model results and the measured data. Optimal model parameters are selected using the sequential unconstrained minimization technique with an objective to minimize the acceleration due to vibration transmitted to the occupant mass. The comfort and safety performance characteristics of the optimal suspension seat with semi-active and active dampers are evaluated under both the sinusoidal and random excitations on the basis of the guidelines provided in ISO-2631. From the results it is concluded that the comfort performance of a suspension seat with semi-active and active dampers can be considerably enhanced, in the 20% to 30% range.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME
Topics: Safety



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