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Complex Impact Response of a Beam and Rigid Body Structure to Harmonic Base Excitation

[+] Author Affiliations
Elizabeth Ervin, Jonathan Wickert

Carnegie Mellon University

Paper No. IMECE2005-80016, pp. 891-901; 11 pages
  • ASME 2005 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Design Engineering, Parts A and B
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, November 5 – 11, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4215-0 | eISBN: 0-7918-3769-6
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


This paper investigates the forced response dynamics of a clamped-clamped beam to which a rigid body is attached, and in the presence of periodic or non-periodic impacts between the body and a comparatively compliant base structure. The assembly is subjected to base excitation at specified frequency and acceleration, and the potentially complex responses that occur are examined analytically. The two sets of natural frequencies and vibration modes of the beam-rigid body structure (in its in- contact state, and in its not-in-contact state), are used to treat the forced response problem through a series of algebraic mappings among those states. A modal analysis based on extended operators for the (continuous) beam and (discrete) rigid body establishes a piecewise linear state-to-state mapping for transition between the in-contact and not-in-contact conditions. The contact force, impulse, and displacement each exhibit complex response characteristics as a function of the excitation frequency. Periodic responses occurring at the excitation frequency, period-doubling bifurcations, grazing impacts, sub-harmonic regions, fractional harmonic resonances, and apparently chaotic responses each occur at various combinations of damping, excitation frequency, and contact stiffness. Parameter studies are discussed for structural asymmetry and eccentricity of contact point’s location.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME



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