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Natural Convective Flow in a Three Enclosure System Involving Two High Aspect Ratio Side Enclosures Joined to a Large Square Enclosure With Interfacial Heat Generation

[+] Author Affiliations
Patrick H. Oosthuizen

Queen’s University, Kingston, ON, Canada

Paper No. HT2003-47115, pp. 243-250; 8 pages
  • ASME 2003 Heat Transfer Summer Conference
  • Heat Transfer: Volume 1
  • Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 21–23, 2003
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3693-2 | eISBN: 0-7918-3679-7
  • Copyright © 2003 by ASME


A numerical study of free convective flow in a vertical joined three enclosure arrangement has been undertaken. In this arrangement, a vertical heated wall kept at a uniform high temperature is contained in a high aspect ratio rectangular side enclosure. This enclosure is joined to a second high aspect ratio rectangular side enclosure which has the same height as the first side enclosure, the two enclosures being separated by a vertical impermeable dividing wall which offers no resistance to heat transfer. The second side enclosure is joined to a larger square enclosure, the vertical dividing wall between these two enclosures also being impermeable and offering no resistance to heat transfer. The vertical wall of the square main flow enclosure opposite to the dividing wall is maintained at a uniform lower temperature. There is a uniform rate of heat generation in the dividing wall between the inner side enclosure and the main enclosure. The situation considered is an approximate model of a double-paned window exposed to a hot outside environment and covered by a plane blind which in turn is exposed to cooled room. In some such cases there can be significant heat generation in the blind due to the absorbtion of solar energy, this being modeled by the heat generation in the one dividing wall. The flow has been assumed to be laminar and two-dimensional and results have been obtained for a Prandtl number of 0.7. The effects of Rayleigh number, dimensionless width of the side enclosures and dimensionless heat generation rate in the blind on the Nusselt number have been investigated. The results show that for a fixed Rayleigh number and for a given dimensionless first (i.e., outer) side enclosure width, there is a minimum in the Nusselt number variation with the dimensionless width of the second side enclosure. An approximate solution for the Nusselt number variation with the dimensionless width of the second side enclosure for small values of this dimensionless width has also been derived.

Copyright © 2003 by ASME
Topics: Flow (Dynamics) , Heat



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