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Experiments on Hydrodynamic and Thermal Behaviors of Thin Liquid Films

[+] Author Affiliations
B. Ozar, B. M. Cetegen, A. Faghri

University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT

Paper No. HT2003-47439, pp. 129-136; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/HT2003-47439
From:
  • ASME 2003 Heat Transfer Summer Conference
  • Heat Transfer: Volume 1
  • Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 21–23, 2003
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3693-2 | eISBN: 0-7918-3679-7
  • Copyright © 2003 by ASME

abstract

An experimental study of heat transfer into a thin film of liquid water on a rotating disk is described. The film was introduced from a flow collar at the center of a heated, horizontal disk at a fixed initial film thickness with a uniform radial velocity. Radial distribution of the disk surface temperatures was measured using a thermocouple / slip ring arrangement. Experiments were performed for a range of liquid flow rates between 3.0 lpm and 15.0 lpm corresponding to Reynolds numbers (based on the liquid inlet gap height and velocity) between 238 and 1188. The angular speed of the disk was varied from 0 rpm to 500 rpm. The local heat transfer coefficient was determined based on the heat flux supplied to the disk and the temperature difference between the measured disk surface temperature and the entrance temperature of the liquid onto the disk. The local heat transfer coefficient was seen to increase with increasing flow rate as well as increasing angular velocity of the disk. Effect of rotation on heat transfer was largest for the lower liquid flow rates with the effect gradually decreasing with increasing liquid flow rates. Semi-empirical correlations are presented in this study for the local and average Nusselt numbers. In addition to the heat transfer characterization, the thickness of the liquid film on the disk surface was measured by an optical method, including the characteristics of the hydraulic jump and the subcritical and supercritical flow regions.

Copyright © 2003 by ASME

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