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Resonant Dynamics in a Rotordynamic System With Nonlinear Inertial Coupling and Shaft Anisotropy

[+] Author Affiliations
D. Dane Quinn

University of Akron

Paper No. IMECE2005-81946, pp. 225-232; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2005-81946
From:
  • ASME 2005 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Applied Mechanics
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, November 5 – 11, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Applied Mechanics Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4212-6 | eISBN: 0-7918-3769-6
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME

abstract

The response of a nonlinear, damped Jeffcott rotor with anisotropic stiffness is considered in the presence of an unbalance. For sufficiently small external torque or large imbalance, resonance capture or rotordynamic stall can occur, whereby the rotational velocity of the shaft is unable to increase beyond the fundamental resonance between the rotational and translational motion. This phenomena provides a mechanism for energy transfer from the rotational to the translational mode. Using the method of averaging a reduced-order model is developed, valid near the resonance, that describes this resonant behavior. The equilibrium points of these averaged equations, which correspond to stationary solutions of the original equations and rotor-dynamic stall, are described as the applied torque, damping, and anisotropy vary. As the anisotropy increases, assumed to arise from increasing shaft cracks, the torque required to eliminate the possibility of stall increases. However, when the system is started with zero initial conditions, the minimum torque required to pass through the resonance is approximately constant as the anisotropy increases. The predictions from the reduced-order model are verifled against numerical simulations of the original equations of motion.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME

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