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A Micro-Damage Model for High Velocity Impact Using Combined Viscosity and Gradient Localization Limiters

[+] Author Affiliations
Rashid K. Abu Al-Rub, George Z. Voyiadjis

Louisiana State University

Anthony N. Palazotto

Air Force Institute of Technology

Paper No. IMECE2005-81342, pp. 123-130; 8 pages
  • ASME 2005 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Applied Mechanics
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, November 5 – 11, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Applied Mechanics Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4212-6 | eISBN: 0-7918-3769-6
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


During dynamic loading processes, large inelastic deformation associated with high strain rates leads, for a broad class of ductile metals, to degradation and failure by strain localization. However, as soon as material failure dominates a deformation process, the material increasingly displays strain softening and the finite element computations are considerably affected by the mesh size and alignment. This gives rise to a non-physical description of the localized regions. This paper presents theoretical and computational frameworks to solve this problem with the aid of nonlocal gradient-enhanced theory coupled to visco-inelasticity. Constitutive equations for anisotropic thermo-viscodamage (rate-dependent damage) mechanism coupled with thermo-hypoelasto-viscoplastic deformation are developed in this work within the framework of thermodynamic laws, nonlinear continuum mechanics, and nonlocal continua. Explicit and implicit micro-structural length scale measures, which preserve the well-posedness of the differential equations, are introduced through the use of the viscosity and gradient localization limiters.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME
Topics: Viscosity



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