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A Thermo-Fluid/Electrochemical Model for Micro-SOFC

[+] Author Affiliations
Yan Ji, J. N. Chung, Kun Yuan

University of Florida

Paper No. IMECE2005-80608, pp. 341-348; 8 pages
  • ASME 2005 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Advanced Energy Systems
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, November 5 – 11, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Advanced Energy Systems Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4211-8 | eISBN: 0-7918-3769-6
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


In this paper, a three dimensional thermo-fluid/electro-chemical model is proposed to simulate the heat and mass transfer phenomena in a micro-geometry co-flow solid oxide fuel cell. Governing equation of mass, momentum and energy conservation are simultaneously solved. A network circuit is applied to simulate the electrical potential, ohmic losses and activation polarization. Cyclic boundary conditions are imposed at the top and bottom of the model domains, while the lateral walls were assumed adiabatic and insulation. A parametric study examines the effect of micro-channel on the temperature field, concentration field, local current density and power density. Results demonstrate that microchannels can reduce temperature or concentration difference between reaction locations and stream. The local current density is much more uniform and output voltage is also improved. Numerical simulation will be expected to help optimize the design of a micro solid oxide fuel cell.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME



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