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Sveltness, Freedom to Morph, and the Constructal Design of Multi-Scale Flow Structures

[+] Author Affiliations
S. Lorente

Institut National des Sciences Appliquées

A. Bejan

Duke University

Paper No. IMECE2005-80027, pp. 271-277; 7 pages
  • ASME 2005 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Advanced Energy Systems
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, November 5 – 11, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Advanced Energy Systems Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4211-8 | eISBN: 0-7918-3769-6
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


This paper reviews recent progress on constructal theory and design. The emphasis is on the development of multi-scale, nonuniformly distributed flow structures that offer increased compactness (e.g., heat transfer density). Examples are counterflow heat exchangers with tree-shaped hot and cold streams, and tree architectures on a disc. Every flow system has a global property called sveltness (Sv), which is the ratio between its external (global) length scale and its internal length scale (V1/3 ), where V is the volume occupied by all the ducts. Emphasis is placed on the development of simple strategies for decreasing the computational cost required by the development of such structures. The generation of multi-scale flow configurations is a process that can be projected on a diagram having global performance on the abscissa and degrees of freedom on the ordinate. This process rules the development (evolution) of all flow configurations for systems with global objective, global constraints and freedom to morph.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME



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