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The Role of Temperature and Substrate Pairing in the Tribochemistry of Phosphorus-Based Additives

[+] Author Affiliations
N. D. Spencer, R. Heuberger, J. Antifakos, A. Rossi

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zürich, Switzerland

Paper No. WTC2005-64290, pp. 601-602; 2 pages
  • World Tribology Congress III
  • World Tribology Congress III, Volume 1
  • Washington, D.C., USA, September 12–16, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Tribology Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4201-0 | eISBN: 0-7918-3767-X
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


The tribochemical mechanism of phosphorus-containing additives is important to understand, even if the ultimate aim is to replace them with something more environmentally benign. In a combinatorial experiment that explored a range of temperatures (RT-180°C), loads, two additives, and two substrate pairings, it was observed that zinc dialkyldithiophosphate (ZnDTP) reacted with steel surfaces to produce phosphate at room temperature, pyrophosphate at 130°C, and polyphosphate at 180°C. Metal-ceramic pairings did not seem to produce long-chain polyphosphates at 150°C. It was also observed that metal-metal pairings appear to benefit more from the presence of the additives than ceramic-metal pairings, which suggests that the role of the additives is largely to inhibit microwelding of the asperities across the sliding plane.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME



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