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Towards a Greater Understanding of Turbulent Skin-Friction Reduction

[+] Author Affiliations
Nick Hutchins, Kwing-So Choi

University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK

Paper No. FEDSM2002-31060, pp. 1449-1454; 6 pages
doi:10.1115/FEDSM2002-31060
From:
  • ASME 2002 Joint U.S.-European Fluids Engineering Division Conference
  • Volume 1: Fora, Parts A and B
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, July 14–18, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3615-0 | eISBN: 0-7918-3600-2
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME

abstract

Measurements have been made in a turbulent boundary layer modified by flow aligned vertical (sub-boundary layer) elements. Comparisons between the coherent structure (near-wall and outer-layer region) for both modified and canonical cases have been conducted in order to better understand the mechanism of skin friction reduction. Thus far we can report a modified near-wall convection velocity obeying inner scaling and a reduced spread of correlated events away from the wall. The outer-layer appears to be characterised by large-scale arch-like structures which produce a velocity field consistent with the heads of lifted near-wall horseshoe vortices. The modified case shows reduced convection velocity, increased frequency of occurrence and increased entrainment for this type of outer-layer event.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME

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