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Sizing of Pellets in Thermoelectric Modules (TEMs)

[+] Author Affiliations
Marc Hodes

Lucent Technologies, Inc., Murray Hill, NJ

Paper No. IPACK2005-73074, pp. 2123-2131; 9 pages
  • ASME 2005 Pacific Rim Technical Conference and Exhibition on Integration and Packaging of MEMS, NEMS, and Electronic Systems collocated with the ASME 2005 Heat Transfer Summer Conference
  • Advances in Electronic Packaging, Parts A, B, and C
  • San Francisco, California, USA, July 17–22, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division and Electronic and Photonic Packaging Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4200-2 | eISBN: 0-7918-3762-9
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


Sizing the height and cross sectional area of the pellets within thermoelectric modules (TEMs) used to cool, heat and generate power is necessary to optimize their efficiency and/or performance. Here the heat flux that a TEM can accommodate, its coefficient of performance, and its operating current and voltage in refrigeration mode are provided as a function of pellet geometry. This enables designers to, for example, size pellets to refrigerate a load such that the total power consumption of a TEM and a power supply (that converts available voltage to that required by the TEM) is minimized. In generation mode, power output, conversion efficiency and operating voltage and current are provided as a function of pellet geometry and the electrical resistance of a load connected to a TEM. Finally, the effects of electrical contact resistance at the pellet interconnects on the aforementioned parameters are addressed.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME



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