0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

The Leading Edge Cavitation Dynamics

[+] Author Affiliations
Mohamed Farhat, Faiçal Gennoun, François Avellan

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne, Switzerland

Paper No. FEDSM2002-31000, pp. 337-342; 6 pages
doi:10.1115/FEDSM2002-31000
From:
  • ASME 2002 Joint U.S.-European Fluids Engineering Division Conference
  • Volume 1: Fora, Parts A and B
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, July 14–18, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3615-0 | eISBN: 0-7918-3600-2
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME

abstract

In the present paper, we present an experimental investigation of the onset and detachment of a leading edge cavitation over a 2-D and 3-D hydrofoils. An insight of the flow field in the vicinity of the main cavity detachment is reached with the help of a miniature sensor fitted in a NACA009 hydrofoil suction side close to the leading edge stagnation point. Owing to theses experiments, we have demonstrated how the water may withstand negative pressure as low as −0.8 bar without any visible cavitation. As soon as the leading edge cavitation takes place, the pressure upstream to the cavity detachment rises significantly but remains negative while the measured pressure in the cavity is almost equal to the vapor pressure. This result confirms the assumption already stated by former studies according to which the liquid is in tension just upstream to the detachment point. Furthermore, flow visualization clearly shows that a well developed leading edge cavitation turns into bubble cavitation in a continuous way when the surrounding pressure is gradually increased. Owing to those results, we have introduced a physical model of the cavitation detachment in which, no laminar separation of the boundary layer is required to ensure its mechanical equilibrium as already stated by former studies. The nuclei in the vicinity of the blade surface explode as they cross the liquid-vapor interface, which is not a material surface. The main cavity is thus continuously fed with exploding bubbles at its detachment location. The negative pressure measured upstream to the cavity detachment may thus be explained by the dynamic delay of exploding nuclei due to inertia.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In