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Maintaining Datacom Rack Inlet Air Temperatures With Water Cooled Heat Exchanger

[+] Author Affiliations
Roger Schmidt, Richard C. Chu, Mike Ellsworth, Madhu Iyengar, Don Porter

IBM Corporation, Poughkeepsie, NY

Vinod Kamath, Bret Lehman

IBM Corporation, Research Triangle Park, NC

Paper No. IPACK2005-73468, pp. 663-673; 11 pages
  • ASME 2005 Pacific Rim Technical Conference and Exhibition on Integration and Packaging of MEMS, NEMS, and Electronic Systems collocated with the ASME 2005 Heat Transfer Summer Conference
  • Advances in Electronic Packaging, Parts A, B, and C
  • San Francisco, California, USA, July 17–22, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division and Electronic and Photonic Packaging Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4200-2 | eISBN: 0-7918-3762-9
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


The heat dissipated by electronic equipment continues to increase at a alarming rate. This has occurred for products covering a wide range of applications. Manufacturers of this equipment require that the equipment be maintained within an environmental envelope in order to guarantee proper operation. Achievement of these environmental conditions are becoming increasingly difficult given the increases in rack heat loads and the desire for customers of such equipment to cluster racks in a small region for increased performance. And with the increased heat load of the racks and correspondingly increased air flowrate the chilled air flow supplied either through data center raised floor perforated tiles or diffusers for non raised floors is not sufficient to match the air flow required by the datacom racks. In this case some of the hot air exhausting the rear of a rack can return to the front of the rack and be ingested into the air intake thereby reducing the reliability of the electronic equipment. This paper describes a method to reduce the effect of the hot air recirculation with a water cooled heat exchanger attached to the rear door of the rack. This heat exchanger removes a large portion of the heat from the rack as well as significantly lowering the air temperature exhausting the rear of the rack. This paper describes the hardware and presents the test results showing that a large portion of the heat is removed from the rack and the temperature exhausting the rear of the rack is significantly reduced. Finally the effectiveness of the solution is shown in modeling of this water cooled solution in a data center application.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME



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