Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

CFD Application for the Characterization of Surface Pressures on Telescopes

[+] Author Affiliations
Balaji Kaushik, Richard D. Hale, Ray Taghavi

University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS

Paper No. FEDSM2005-77345, pp. 663-667; 5 pages
  • ASME 2005 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting
  • Volume 2: Fora
  • Houston, Texas, USA, June 19–23, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4199-5 | eISBN: 0-7918-3760-2
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


Aerodynamic trade studies in support of an interdisciplinary research program for large ground based telescopes are addressed. Numerous CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) trade studies were carried out to help identify the initial critical configuration of the telescope. The highest pressures induced on the reflective surface of the telescope mirror in the critical configuration were used in structural analysis. A module that correlated disparate discretizations in structural and fluid analyses through common parent geometry was developed. This module mapped surface pressures from the CFD discretization to the structural discretization using a weighted average technique. Experimental validation of the CFD results was carried out in the University of Kansas subsonic wind tunnel. The results from the CFD analysis and the wind tunnel experiments were in close agreement, with the maximum variation of pressures being 1%–8%. The preliminary telescope configuration that induced the highest pressure on the reflective surface of the primary mirror was identified as one inclined at 60° from the vertical plane and facing the wind directly. An “open-air” CFD model was developed that simulated the observatory shut-off operating conditions of 15 m/s wind speed and a fail-safe operating condition of 50 m/s wind speed. Critical local total gage pressures were 165 Pa and 1400 Pa at 15 and 50 m/s wind speeds respectively.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In