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Propagation of Pressure Waves, Caused by a Thermal Shock, in Liquid Metals Containing Gas Bubbles

[+] Author Affiliations
K. Okita, Y. Matsumoto, S. Takagi

University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

Paper No. FEDSM2005-77397, pp. 575-580; 6 pages
  • ASME 2005 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting
  • Volume 2: Fora
  • Houston, Texas, USA, June 19–23, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4199-5 | eISBN: 0-7918-3760-2
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


Propagation of pressure waves caused by a thermal shock in liquid metals containing gas bubbles is performed by a numerical simulation. The present study examined the influences of bubble radius and void fraction on the absorption of thermal expansion of liquid metals and attenuation of pressure waves. As the result of the calculation, since the large bubbles which have a lower natural frequency than the small bubbles cannot respond to the heat input, the peak pressure at the heated region increases with increasing bubble radius. Especially, when the bubble radii are around 500 μm, the pressure wave propagates through the mixture not with the sonic speed of the mixture but with that of liquid mercury. On the other hand, decreasing the void fraction makes behavior of bubbles nonlinear and a collapse of bubble produces a high pressure wave. However, the calculation shows that the method of introducing micro gas bubbles into liquid metals is effective to prevent cavitation erosion on the wall.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME



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