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The Tensile Strength of Water as a Function of Temperature

[+] Author Affiliations
Rhodri L. Williams, P. Rhodri Williams, A. Al-Hussany

University of Wales Swansea, Swansea, UK

Paper No. FEDSM2005-77163, pp. 525-530; 6 pages
  • ASME 2005 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting
  • Volume 2: Fora
  • Houston, Texas, USA, June 19–23, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4199-5 | eISBN: 0-7918-3760-2
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


This paper reports the results of measurements of the effective tensile strength Fc of water, in experiments involving a pulse of tension (‘negative pressure’) created by the reflection of a pressure pulse at a boundary, as a function of temperature. Using a modified ‘Bullet-Piston’ (B-P) pulse reflection apparatus, measurements presented herein show that degassed, deionised water is capable of sustaining tensions an order of magnitude greater than previously reported in B-P work. A theoretical explanation is developed indicating that the pressure records arising in B-P experiments are the result of cavitation due to a pulse of tension. Results are reported for measurements of Fc made over the temperature range 1°C ≤ T ≤ 95°C.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME



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