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Engine Test Experience and Characterization of Self Sealing Ceramic Matrix Composites for Nozzle Applications in Gas Turbine Engines

[+] Author Affiliations
Eric P. Bouillon, Patrick C. Spriet, Georges Habarou

SNECMA Propulsion Solide, Le Haillan, France

Thibault Arnold

SNECMA Moteurs, Moissy-Cramayel, France

Greg C. Ojard, David T. Feindel, Charles P. Logan, Kimberly Rogers, Glenn Doppes, Robert J. Miller, Zbigniew Grabowski, Doug P. Stetson

Pratt & Whitney, East Hartford, CT

Paper No. GT2003-38967, pp. 677-683; 7 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2003, collocated with the 2003 International Joint Power Generation Conference
  • Volume 1: Turbo Expo 2003
  • Atlanta, Georgia, USA, June 16–19, 2003
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3684-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3671-1
  • Copyright © 2003 by ASME


Advanced materials are targeting durability improvement in gas turbine engines. One general area of concern for durability is in the hot section components of the engine. Ceramic matrix composites offer improvements in durability at elevated temperatures with a corresponding reduction in weight for nozzles of gas turbine engines. Building on past material efforts, ceramic matrix composites using a carbon and a SiC fiber with a self-sealing matrix have been developed for gas turbine applications. Prior to ground engine testing, a reduced test matrix was undertaken to aggressively test the material in a long-term hold cycle at elevated temperatures and environments. This tensile low cycle fatigue testing was done in air and a 90% steam environment. After completion of the aggressive testing effort, six nozzle seals were fabricated and installed in an F100-PW-229 engine for accelerated mission testing. The C fiber CMC and the SiC Fiber CMC were respectively tested to 600 and 1000 hours in accelerated conditions without damage. Engine testing is continuing to gain additional time and insight with the objective of pursuing the next phase of field service evaluation. Mechanical testing and post-test characterization results of this testing will be presented. The results of the engine testing will be shown and overall conclusions drawn.

Copyright © 2003 by ASME



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