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Dual Wavelength Temperature Monitoring of TBC Coated Alstom 13E2 Turbine Blades

[+] Author Affiliations
R. A. Rooth, W. Hiemstra

KEMA Nederland B.V., Arnhem, The Netherlands

Paper No. GT2003-38814, pp. 581-588; 8 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2003, collocated with the 2003 International Joint Power Generation Conference
  • Volume 1: Turbo Expo 2003
  • Atlanta, Georgia, USA, June 16–19, 2003
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3684-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3671-1
  • Copyright © 2003 by ASME


Through rapid developments in fiber technology and data acquisition technology, pyrometry has become a successful tool for the measurement of gas turbine blade temperatures. The technology enables gas turbine owners and operators to monitor the blades and to optimise the exploitation of their assets in terms of efficiency and maintenance. With the application of thermal barrier coatings on turbine blades, pyrometry faces a new challenge as these coatings are not opaque at commonly used wavelengths. The application of TBC’s to protect the metal blades allows an increase of the firing temperature, increasing the efficiency of the installation, but is potentially an additional cause of locally overheating blades in the case the coating comes off. The present paper reports on the results of experimental work related to the temperature measurement on an in service Alstom 13E2 turbine with TBC coated first stage blades. Temperature measurements have been performed with both short- and long wavelength instruments (1 μm and 10 μm). The optical characteristics of ZrO2 material at a range of temperatures have been determined. These characteristics are important in the implementation of an algorithm that calculates the metal temperature from the temperature measurement results. These metal temperatures are of primary interest, This is the first time that experimental radiation temperature measurements on an industrial turbine, using both 1 and 10 μm technology, are reported. As the measurement trace over the turbine airfoil consists of areas on the blade that are covered with TBC as well as uncovered areas, a very interesting comparison on the merits of the various systems can be presented.

Copyright © 2003 by ASME



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