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3D Viscous Inverse Design of Vaned Diffuser to Suppress Flow Unsteadiness in a Centrifugal Compressor

[+] Author Affiliations
Victor I. Mileshin, Igor A. Brailko, Andrew N. Startsev, Igor K. Orekhov

Central Institute of Aviation Motors, Moscow, Russia

Paper No. FEDSM2005-77335, pp. 161-168; 8 pages
  • ASME 2005 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting
  • Volume 2: Fora
  • Houston, Texas, USA, June 19–23, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4199-5 | eISBN: 0-7918-3760-2
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


Present paper is devoted to numerical investigation of unsteadiness caused by impeller-diffuser interaction in a 8:1 total pressure ratio centrifugal compressor. The compressor designed by CIAM [7], and manufactured and tested by Customer gave satisfactory performances even under the first test. Further development requires new insights and advanced numerical tools. In this context, this paper presents Navier-Stokes computations of 3D viscous unsteady flow field within the impeller-diffuser configuration. Steady and unsteady computations indicated spacious zone of low velocity / reverse flow on pressure surface of the diffuser vane. To suppress this reverse flow, new vaned diffuser has been tailored through application of 3D inverse design procedure for Navier-Stokes equations [8]. Subsequent steady and unsteady N-S calculations performed for compressor with the new diffuser demonstrated depression of reverse flow within diffuser and different unsteady loading of the diffuser vane.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME



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