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Predicting Turbine Performance of High Specific Speed Pumps Using CFD

[+] Author Affiliations
J. D. White, A. G. L. Holloway, A. G. Gerber

University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, NB, Canada

Paper No. FEDSM2005-77460, pp. 125-131; 7 pages
  • ASME 2005 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting
  • Volume 2: Fora
  • Houston, Texas, USA, June 19–23, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4199-5 | eISBN: 0-7918-3760-2
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


A pump with a specific speed of 12000 was chosen to operate as a turbine (PAT) for a micro-hydro site having 5 m of head. Turbine performance of the pump was unavailable so it was simulated using CFD. The CFD model was first verified by comparison of simulated pump performance and manufacturer data. Simulated PAT performance covered a range of flow rates, from one to three times that of pump best efficiency point (BEP), for blade angles of 0 and ± 4°. The PAT BEP was located at a flow rate of 1.4 times that of pump BEP and a head of 1.6 times. For the specific site this corresponded to a shaft power of 32 k W and a flow rate of 770 1/s. The PAT was found to have an extended range of good efficiency, > 60%, for up to 3 times the pump BEP flow rate.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME



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