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Simulations of Unsteady Valve Systems

[+] Author Affiliations
V. Ahuja, A. Hosangadi, P. A. Cavallo, R. J. Ungewitter, J. D. Shipman

Combustion Research and Flow Technology, Inc., Pipersville, PA

Paper No. FEDSM2005-77447, pp. 99-106; 8 pages
  • ASME 2005 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting
  • Volume 2: Fora
  • Houston, Texas, USA, June 19–23, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4199-5 | eISBN: 0-7918-3760-2
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


The safe and reliable operation of industrial facilities and high pressure test stands for engine and component testing is largely dependent on the smooth performance of control valves. However, such valves frequently experience pressure oscillations from hydrodynamic instabilities, cavitation and unsteady valve operation. In this paper, we present a series of high fidelity computational simulations of control valves primarily to understand the physics associated with the dominant instability modes. A generalized multi-element framework with sub-models for grid adaption, grid movement and multi-phase flow dynamics was used to carry out the simulations. We discuss the methodology in detail with the example of transient analyses of a gaseous hydrogen control valve and capture the fluid dynamic instability that results from valve operation. Additionally, we provide detailed analyses of a modal instability that is observed in the operation of a pressure regulator valve. In both cases, the instabilities are not localized and manifest themselves as a system wide phenomena leading to oscillations in mass flow and/or undesirable chatter.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME



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