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Incipient Fault Detection and Diagnosis in Turbine Engines Using Hidden Markov Models

[+] Author Affiliations
Sunil Menon, Önder Uluyol, Kyusung Kim

Honeywell Engines, Systems and Services, Minneapolis, MN

Emmanuel O. Nwadiogbu

Honeywell Engines, Systems and Services, Phoenix, AZ

Paper No. GT2003-38589, pp. 493-500; 8 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2003, collocated with the 2003 International Joint Power Generation Conference
  • Volume 1: Turbo Expo 2003
  • Atlanta, Georgia, USA, June 16–19, 2003
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3684-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3671-1
  • Copyright © 2003 by ASME


Incipient fault detection and diagnosis in turbine engines is key to effective maintenance and improved availability of systems dependent on these engines. In this paper, we present a novel method for incipient fault detection and diagnosis using Hidden Markov Models (HMMs). In particular, we focus on engine faults that are manifest in transient operating conditions such as engine startup and acceleration. HMMs are stochastic signal models that are effective in modeling transient signals. They are developed with engine data collected under nominal operating conditions. Engine data representing different fault conditions are used to develop the fault HMMs; a separate model is developed for each of the faults. Once the nominal and fault HMMs are developed, new engine data collected from the engine are evaluated against the HMMs and a determination is made whether a fault is indicated. Here, we demonstrate our HMM-based fault detection and diagnosis approach on engine speed profiles taken from a real engine. Further, the effectiveness of the HMM-based approach is compared with a neural-network-based approach and a method based on using principal component analysis in conjunction with a neural network approach.

Copyright © 2003 by ASME



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