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Turbocharger Unstable Operation Diagnosis Using Vibroacoustic Measurements

[+] Author Affiliations
N. Aretakis, K. Mathioudakis, M. Kefalakis, K. Papailiou

National Technical University of Athens, Athens, Greece

Paper No. GT2003-38321, pp. 361-369; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2003-38321
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2003, collocated with the 2003 International Joint Power Generation Conference
  • Volume 1: Turbo Expo 2003
  • Atlanta, Georgia, USA, June 16–19, 2003
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3684-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3671-1
  • Copyright © 2003 by ASME

abstract

The possibility to detect unstable operating condition (stall or surge) of an automotive turbocharger using vibration or acoustic measurements is studied. An experimental study is performed, in order to acquire and analyze test data, to find out whether vibration or acoustic measurements can be correlated to aerothermodynamic operating condition. An instrumentation set allowing the definition of the operating point on the map of the compressor of the turbocharger is used. Hot wires the compressor inlet serve as flow condition indicators and provide a clear indicator of the presence or not of instabilities, such as rotating stall or surge. Accelerometers are mounted on the casing and microphones are placed in the vicinity of the compressor casing, to measure vibration and sound emission. Data covering an extensive range of the compressor performance map have been collected and analyzed. Signal features from the different measuring instruments are discussed. Using such features, a bi-parametric criterion is established for determination of whether the compressor operates in the stable part of its performance characteristic or in the presence of unstable operation phenomena (rotating stall, surge). The possibility of generalizing the validity of observations is supported, by presenting results from testing a second turbocharger, which is shown to exhibit similar behavior.

Copyright © 2003 by ASME

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