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Fault Diagnosis of a Two Spool Turbo-Fan Engine Using Transient Data: A Genetic Algorithm Approach

[+] Author Affiliations
Suresh Sampath, Y. G. Li, S. O. T. Ogaji, Riti Singh

Cranfield University, Cranfield, UK

Paper No. GT2003-38300, pp. 351-359; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2003-38300
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2003, collocated with the 2003 International Joint Power Generation Conference
  • Volume 1: Turbo Expo 2003
  • Atlanta, Georgia, USA, June 16–19, 2003
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3684-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3671-1
  • Copyright © 2003 by ASME

abstract

Traditionally engine fault diagnosis has been performed at steady state conditions. There are several problems which can only be detected by transient data analysis like bearing fault, some control problems etc.. In addition, gas turbine performance deviation due to a component fault is more likely to be magnified during transients, when compared with the same parameter deviations at steady states. The specific approach used in this paper is to compare model-based information with measured data obtained from the engine during a slam acceleration. The measured transient data (from actual engine) is compared with a set of simulated data from the engine transient model, under similar operating conditions and known faults through a Cumulative Deviation. The Cumulative Deviations obtained from the comparisons are minimized for the best match using Genetic Algorithm. The Genetic Algorithm has been tailored to use real coding [1] method and to meet the requirements of the new procedure. The paper describes the application of the approach to a 2-spool turbofan engine and discusses the preliminary studies conducted.

Copyright © 2003 by ASME

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