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Effects of Biogas Combustion on the Operation Characteristics and Pollutant Emissions of a Micro Gas Turbine

[+] Author Affiliations
Dieter Bohn

Aachen University of Technology, Aachen, Germany

Joachim Lepers

B&B-AGEMA GmbH, Aachen, Germany

Paper No. GT2003-38767, pp. 247-257; 11 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2003, collocated with the 2003 International Joint Power Generation Conference
  • Volume 1: Turbo Expo 2003
  • Atlanta, Georgia, USA, June 16–19, 2003
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3684-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3671-1
  • Copyright © 2003 by ASME


The capability of gas turbines to burn low-BTU biogenic fuels besides natural gas becomes an increasingly important feature for small sized plants. This is particularly the case for micro gas turbines targeting decentralized applications. The energy conversion of biomass to electricity can be improved by integration of a micro gas turbine with the biogas generation process. Such an integrated plant concept is presented in this paper after a general overview of low-BTU fuels suitable for utilization in gas turbines has been given. The advantages are a more efficient biomass conversion and an extension of biomass digestion to biomass with reduced biochemical availability such as mildly lignocellulosic biomass. The effects of biogas utilization on the characteristics of operation of a representatively modeled microturbine are investigated in this paper. Particularly, contributions to the efficiency decrease occuring when biogas is burnt instead of natural gas are analyzed. Further, an overview of the effects of low-BTU fuels on gas turbine materials and pollutant emissions is given. The change of emissions of nitrogen oxide and carbon monoxide is analyzed with a combustion model based on a systematically reduced 6-step reaction mechanism. This study was conducted for an advanced combustor design applying ceramic materials and a transpiration cooling technology.

Copyright © 2003 by ASME



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