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Aircraft Gas Turbine Soot Emission Tests Under Technical Relevant Conditions in an Altitude Test Facility and Validation of Soot Measurement Technique

[+] Author Affiliations
Claus Wahl, Manfred Aigner

DLR – German Aerospace Center, Stuttgart, Germany

Paper No. GT2003-38797, pp. 189-200; 12 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2003-38797
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2003, collocated with the 2003 International Joint Power Generation Conference
  • Volume 1: Turbo Expo 2003
  • Atlanta, Georgia, USA, June 16–19, 2003
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3684-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3671-1
  • Copyright © 2003 by ASME

abstract

An aircraft gas turbine was tested in an altitude test facility under technical relevant flight conditions. Test points are the ICAO power settings IDLE, TAKE OFF, CLIMB and DESCENT, as well as CRUISE conditions. The used measurement techniques are Scanning Mobility Particle Sizer (SMPS) [1] and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). It is shown, that the relative Soot Emission Index (compared to take off conditions) is increasing with power setting. The mean diameter of the particles is also increasing with power setting. The particles show a lognormal size distribution for most of the test points. Under TAKE OFF conditions (100% power setting) we found a bimodal size distribution. The SEM pictures show the fractal character of the soot particles with 10 to 15nm primary particles as well as the agglomerates. To validate the measurement techniques a variable soot generator [2] for nanoparticles was developed. This soot generator was used to check sample line losses. In an additional experiment we used this soot generator to test the trapping efficiency of the recommended filters for the so called ICAO Smoke Number which is the same as SAE – Smoke Number [3] or EPA – Smoke Number [4].

Copyright © 2003 by ASME

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