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Unique Challenges for Bolted Joint Design in High-Bypass Turbofan Engines

[+] Author Affiliations
Robert P. Czachor

GE Aircraft Engines, Cincinnati, OH

Paper No. GT2003-38042, pp. 43-66; 24 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2003-38042
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2003, collocated with the 2003 International Joint Power Generation Conference
  • Volume 1: Turbo Expo 2003
  • Atlanta, Georgia, USA, June 16–19, 2003
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3684-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3671-1
  • Copyright © 2003 by ASME

abstract

Bolted joints are used at numerous locations in the rotors and carcass structure of modern aircraft turbine engines. This application makes the design criteria and process substantially different from that used for other types of machinery. Specifically, in addition to providing engine alignment and high-pressure gas sealing, aircraft engine structural joints can operate at high temperatures and may be required to survive very large applied loads which can result from structural failures within the engine, such as the loss of a fan blade. As engine bypass ratios have increased in order to improve specific fuel consumption, these so-called “Ultimate” loads increasingly dominate the design of bolted joints in aircraft engines. This paper deals with the sizing and design of both bolts and lever flanges to meet these demanding requirements. Novel empirical methods, derived from both component test results and correlated analysis have been developed to perform strength evaluation of both flanges and bolts. Discussion of analytical techniques in use includes application of the LS-DYNA™ code for modeling of high-speed blade impact events as related to bolted joint behavior.

Copyright © 2003 by ASME
Topics: Engines , Design , Turbofans

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