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Relative Cooling System: Design and Efficiency

[+] Author Affiliations
Sandu Constantin

Turbomecanica, SA, Romania

Dan Brasoveanu

Computer Sciences Corporation, Baltimore, MD

Paper No. GT2003-38032, pp. 15-30; 16 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2003-38032
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2003, collocated with the 2003 International Joint Power Generation Conference
  • Volume 1: Turbo Expo 2003
  • Atlanta, Georgia, USA, June 16–19, 2003
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3684-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3671-1
  • Copyright © 2003 by ASME

abstract

Cooling systems with liquid for gas turbines that use the relative motion of engine stator with respect to rotor have been called relative cooling systems. This motion actuates the pump for liquid recirculation and the system is encapsulated within the engine rotor. In this manner, the difficult problem of sealing stator/rotor interfaces at high temperature, pressure and relative velocity is circumvented. A first generation of such systems could be manufactured using existing technologies and would boost thermal efficiency of gas turbines by more than 3% compared to the most advanced air-cooling engines. In the end, relative systems would boost temperatures at turbine inlet to stoichiometric levels and therefore increase thermal efficiency of gas turbines by about 8%. Such systems would recover most heat extracted from turbine for cooling and increase the power to size and power to weight ratio of all gas turbines. The appreciated high reliability of this cooling relies on encapsulation within the rotor and will allow widespread use in both ground and aerospace applications.

Copyright © 2003 by ASME

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