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Bubble Effect on the Structures of Weakly Turbulent Couette Taylor Flow

[+] Author Affiliations
Amine Mehel, Celine Gabillet, Henda Djeridi

Research Institute of French Naval Academy, Brest Armee, France

Paper No. FEDSM2005-77020, pp. 751-760; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/FEDSM2005-77020
From:
  • ASME 2005 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting
  • Volume 1: Symposia, Parts A and B
  • Houston, Texas, USA, June 19–23, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4198-7 | eISBN: 0-7918-3760-2
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME

abstract

In industrial applications, rotating flows have been recognized to enhance mixing and transfer properties. Moreover, bubbly flows are also used to improve transfers. Therefore, it is interesting to study the effects of the dispersed phase on the structure of a Couette Taylor flow. Experiments are conducted for the quasi-periodic (Ta = 780) and the weakly turbulent (Ta = 1000) flow regimes. Bubbles (0.035 times as small as the gap) are generated by agitation of the upper free surface (ventilated flow). Larger bubbles (0.15 times as small as the gap) are generated by injection at the bottom of the apparatus and by applying a pressure drop (cavitating flow). Void fraction, bubble size and velocity, as well as axial and azimuthal velocity components of the liquid are investigated. For α>0.1%, there is evidence of bubble induced modifications of axial wavelength and liquid velocity gradients, depending on the bubble location in the gap and their size. For particular conditions of the flow, a premature transition to weakly turbulent flow is observed.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME

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