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On the Stability of Supercavitating Projectiles Based on Lagrangian Analysis

[+] Author Affiliations
Yasmin Khakpour, Miad Yazdani

Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

Paper No. FEDSM2005-77009, pp. 741-749; 9 pages
  • ASME 2005 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting
  • Volume 1: Symposia, Parts A and B
  • Houston, Texas, USA, June 19–23, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4198-7 | eISBN: 0-7918-3760-2
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


In this work, numerical simulation is used to study the stability enhancement of high speed supercavitating Shkval missile. Although supercavitation is known as one of the most effective methods for drag reduction, producing the cavity, either by ventilation or by cavitator at front of the body, may cause some instabilities on cavity surface and thus on the projectile’s motion. Therefore removing these instabilities comes as an important point of discussion. First of all, we calculate the sources of instabilities and measure respective forces and then present some approaches that significantly reduce these instabilities. One of these methods that could produce more stable supercavities is injecting of the air into the cavity unsteadily which varies through the projectile’s surface. This approach is provided by arrays of slots distributed on the projectile’s surface and unsteady injection is modeled over the surface. Furthermore, the position of ventilation, dramatically affects the stability like those in aerodynamics. In all approaches it is assumed that the supercavity covers the whole of the body, however the forces caused by the wakes, formed behind the body are taken into account. The calculation is performed at three cavitation numbers with respective velocities of 100 m/s, 150 m/s, 200 m/s.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME



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