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Numerical Study of Classification of Ultrafine Particles in a Gas-Solid Field of Elbow-Jet Classifier

[+] Author Affiliations
Shibin Liang

University of Missouri at Columbia, Columbia, MO

Paper No. FEDSM2005-77059, pp. 521-530; 10 pages
  • ASME 2005 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting
  • Volume 1: Symposia, Parts A and B
  • Houston, Texas, USA, June 19–23, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4198-7 | eISBN: 0-7918-3760-2
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is applied to develop a novel submicron air classifier. Based on different inner structure sizes and positions in the elbow-jet classifier, the two-dimensional air flow field has been simulated by the Fluent software. The Coanda-effect plays a paramount role in the separation of ultrafine particles in the high-speed flow field of the elbow-jet classifier. The effects on the features of the Coanda element, i.e. a half-cylinder, have been analyzed and discussed. The trajectories of moving particles with different diameters in the channels and chambers of the classifier have been calculated under the velocity field simulation results obtained by the CFD analysis. The cut sizes of three products at the related outlets of the classifier are obtained based on the trajectories calculation of the particles and compared with the corresponding experimental results. The ground/classified experiment has been conducted by using the products outlet of a vortex jet mill as the particles feed of the elbow-jet classifier. The experimental results show that the external classifier for the vortex jet mill improves the classification of the mill significantly. The combination of the vortex jet mill with the external classifier provides a new choice of the grinding equipment for the multiple size products of fine/medium/coarse powders. A centrifugal channel has been added between the vortex jet mill and the elbow-jet classifier to improve the performance of the air classifier. Both numerical and experimental results show that the pre-distributed feed powders at the exit of the centrifugal channel have a strong effect on the fine powders separation and a less effect on the coarse powders separation.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME



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