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Identifying VIV Vibration Modes by Use of the Empirical Orthogonal Functions Technique

[+] Author Affiliations
Gudmund Kleiven

Norsk Hydro Research Centre, Bergen, Norway

Paper No. OMAE2002-28425, pp. 711-719; 9 pages
  • ASME 2002 21st International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering
  • 21st International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, Volume 1
  • Oslo, Norway, June 23–28, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Ocean, Offshore, and Arctic Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3611-8 | eISBN: 0-7918-3599-5
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME


The Empirical Orthogonal Functions (EOF) technique has widely being used by oceanographers and meteorologists, while the Singular Value Decomposition (SVD being a related technique is frequently used in the statistics community. Another related technique called Principal Component Analysis (PCA) is observed being used for instance in pattern recognition. The predominant applications of these techniques are data compression of multivariate data sets which also facilitates subsequent statistical analysis of such data sets. Within Ocean Engineering the EOF technique is not yet widely in use, although there are several areas where multivariate data sets occur and where the EOF technique could represent a supplementary analysis technique. Examples are oceanographic data, in particular current data. Furthermore data sets of model- or full-scale data of loads and responses of slender bodies, such as pipelines and risers are relevant examples. One attractive property of the EOF technique is that it does not require any a priori information on the physical system by which the data is generated. In the present paper a description of the EOF technique is given. Thereafter an example on use of the EOF technique is presented. The example is analysis of response data from a model test of a pipeline in a long free span exposed to current. The model test program was carried out in order to identify the occurrence of multi-mode vibrations and vibration mode amplitudes. In the present example the EOF technique demonstrates the capability of identifying predominant vibration modes of inline as well as cross-flow vibrations. Vibration mode shapes together with mode amplitudes and frequencies are also estimated. Although the present example is not sufficient for concluding on the applicability of the EOF technique on a general basis, the results of the present example demonstrate some of the potential of the technique.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME



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