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Experimental Study of Vortex Shedding From a Solid Sphere in Turbulent Freestream

[+] Author Affiliations
Himanshu Tyagi, Rui Liu, David S.-K. Ting

University of Windsor, Windsor, ON, Canada

Clifton R. Johnston

University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada

Paper No. FEDSM2005-77168, pp. 169-177; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/FEDSM2005-77168
From:
  • ASME 2005 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting
  • Volume 1: Symposia, Parts A and B
  • Houston, Texas, USA, June 19–23, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4198-7 | eISBN: 0-7918-3760-2
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME

abstract

The study of vortex shedding from a sphere assumes an important role because of its relevance to numerous aerodynamic and hydrodynamic applications. Parameters such as coefficient of drag and static pressure distribution are largely influenced by vortex shedding, and it is found by past studies that the freestream turbulence can interact and alter the vortex formation and shedding drastically. Most of these studies, however, were conducted in the low Reynolds number regime and the vortex shedding results had been described only qualitatively. To better understand the aerodynamics of a sphere in turbulent flow, an experimental study was initiated in a low speed wind tunnel to quantify the vortex shedding characteristics. The Reynolds number of the flow, based on the diameter of the sphere (d), was set at 3.3 × 104 , 5 × 104 and 6.6 × 104 by varying the mean flow velocity. The sphere was placed at 20D (= 7.5d) downstream from a perforated plate, where D = 37.5 mm is the size of the holes in the perforated plate, uniquely designed for generating near-isotropic turbulence. Hot-wire measurements were taken at 10D (= 3.75d), 20D (= 7.5d) and 30D (= 11.25d) downstream of the sphere in absence and presence of the perforated plate. The vortex shedding frequency was deduced from the instantaneous flow velocity data.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME

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