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Kinematics in a Diffracted Wave Field: Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) and Numerical Models

[+] Author Affiliations
Trygve Kristiansen, Rolf Baarholm, Carl Trygve Stansberg

Marintek, Trondheim, Norway

Geir J. Ro̸rtveit, Ernst W. Hansen

Complex Flow Design, Trondheim, Norway

Paper No. OMAE2005-67176, pp. 827-835; 9 pages
  • ASME 2005 24th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering
  • 24th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering: Volume 3
  • Halkidiki, Greece, June 12–17, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4197-9 | eISBN: 0-7918-3759-9
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


As the use of CFD in industrial applications increases, so does the need for verification and validation of the theoretical/numerical results. This paper focuses on tools for validation and in particular, on the use of Particle Imaging Velocimetry (PIV) as such a tool. Diffraction of regular waves due to a single, fixed vertical cylinder is investigated. Theoretical results of wave run-up and wave kinematics are compared to measurements from model tests. Theoretical results are obtained by second order potential theory and by fully non-linear CFD computations. The second order potential theory frequency-domain results are computed by the industry standard code WAMIT, while the fully nonlinear time-domain simulations are performed by the commercial CFD code Flow-3D. Measurements are obtained by means of wave probes, PIV and snapshots taken with a high-speed camera. The experiments are made with the model in place as well as without the model, for validation of the incident flow field. For the identification of non-linear effects, the steepness of the waves is varied. The surface elevation is measured by means of the wave probes, while the PIV equipment measures the kinematics. High quality photos taken by the high-speed camera give a detailed overview of the surface elevation for inspection. In addition to focusing on validation tools, the paper also addresses some critical aspects associated with the CFD computations, such as the modeling of boundary conditions. The work is based partly upon results from the WaveLand JIP, Phase 2.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME



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