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Reeling Effect on the Ultimate Strength of Sandwich Pipes

[+] Author Affiliations
Xavier Castello, Segen F. Estefen

COPPE/UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil

Paper No. OMAE2005-67216, pp. 489-498; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/OMAE2005-67216
From:
  • ASME 2005 24th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering
  • 24th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering: Volume 3
  • Halkidiki, Greece, June 12–17, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4197-9 | eISBN: 0-7918-3759-9
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME

abstract

Sandwich pipes composed of two steel layers separated by a polypropylene annulus can be used for the transport of oil&gas in deepwaters, combining high structural resistance with thermal insulation in order to prevent blockage by paraffin and hydrates. In this work, sandwich pipes with typical inner diameters of those employed in the offshore production are analyzed numerically to evaluate the ultimate strength under external pressure and longitudinal bending as well as the effect of the reeling installation method on the collapse pressure. Numerical models were developed using the commercial finite element software ABAQUS. The validation was based on experimental results. The analyses for combined loading were performed using symmetry conditions and the pipe was reduced to a ring with unitary length. The analysis of bending under a rigid surface was simulated numerically according to the experiments performed using a bending apparatus especially built for full scale tests. Symmetry conditions were employed in order to reduce the analysis to a quarter of a pipe. Mesh sensitivity studies were performed to obtain an adequate mesh refinement in both analyses. The collapse pressure was simulated numerically either for the pre or post reeling process. Bauschinger effect was included by using kinematic hardening plasticity models. The influences of plasticity and out-of-roundness on the collapse pressure have been confirmed.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME

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