Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Hydrogen and Oxygen Pick-Up in Hyperbaric TIG Welding of Supermartensitic 13% Cr Stainless Steel With Matching Filler Wire

[+] Author Affiliations
Ragnhild Aune, Ansgar S. Hårsvær

SINTEF Materials and Chemistry, Trondheim, Norway

Hans Olav Knagenhjelm

Norsk Hydro ASA, Oslo, Norway

Paper No. OMAE2005-67544, pp. 289-296; 8 pages
  • ASME 2005 24th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering
  • 24th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering: Volume 3
  • Halkidiki, Greece, June 12–17, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4197-9 | eISBN: 0-7918-3759-9
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


The possible sources causing weld metal hydrogen and oxygen pick-up during offshore hyperbaric tie-in TIG welding have been identified and simulated at a hyperbaric chamber pressure of 12 bar, i.e. 110 meter sea depth. The base material was supermartensitic 13% Cr stainless steel. Matching filler wire was used. The weld metal hydrogen and oxygen pick-up from water vapor in the shielding and chamber gases has been investigated by girth welding of pipes. Moist chamber gas seems to have insignificant effect on hydrogen and oxygen pick-up. The largest contribution is from moist shielding gas. Most of the hydrogen content in the supermartensitic welds is diffusible. By applying post-heat, it is possible to reduce the hydrogen content in the weld metal. Microcracks in the cap were observed for welds deposited with 14 mbar water vapor in the shielding gas (117 ppm) and above. Microcracks in the root welds were not observed, which was also confirmed for self restrained cracking tests. During constant load test at 150 MPa simulating hydrostatic testing of pipelines, the microcracks grew, and for the weld deposited with fully moistened shielding gas (175 ppm), a macrocrack appeared in the centre of the capping pass longitudinally to the welding direction. Crack Tip Opening Displacement (CTOD) values based on Single Edge Notched Bend (SENB) testing were all low, and the high constraint of the SENB specimen did not show any effects of hydrogen on fracture toughness. CTOD values based on Single Edge Notched Tension (SENT) testing decreased with increasing shielding gas moisture contents. For specimens without microcracks it was possible to increase the CTOD (SENT) values by post-heat, close to the toughness observed for specimens deposited with dry shielding gas.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In