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Microstructural Design for High Strength Steel Welds: The Concept of Duplex Microstructure

[+] Author Affiliations
Stephen Liu

Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO

Paper No. OMAE2005-67444, pp. 199-204; 6 pages
  • ASME 2005 24th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering
  • 24th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering: Volume 3
  • Halkidiki, Greece, June 12–17, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4197-9 | eISBN: 0-7918-3759-9
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


In the past three decades, Colorado School of Mines researchers have investigated flux-related welding processes for pipeline applications and systematically characterized the fundamental behavior of welding fluxes. They also established the relationships between flux ingredients, weld metal microstructure, and weld joint mechanical properties. These studies clarified for high strength steel welds the importance of the bimodal nature of weld metal inclusions, related to weld metal transformations. As strength and toughness levels of the steels continue to increase, new generations of consumables must be developed. Two novel consumables design concepts are being investigated at the CSM. The first one is based on a duplex microstructure consisted of lath martensite and ferrite, and the second is based on low carbon, high alloy martensite.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME



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