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Fracture Toughness of X-60/Alloy 625 Welded Joints

[+] Author Affiliations
Alexandre M. Pope, Marcelo P. Paes, José Claudio G. Teixeira

PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil

Paper No. OMAE2005-67026, pp. 21-26; 6 pages
doi:10.1115/OMAE2005-67026
From:
  • ASME 2005 24th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering
  • 24th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering: Volume 3
  • Halkidiki, Greece, June 12–17, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4197-9 | eISBN: 0-7918-3759-9
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME

abstract

Line pipes internally clad by nickel alloy are being considered as steel catenary risers when exploitation of corrosive oils is envisaged and corrosion-fatigue failures are possible. The presence of the Ni alloy as internal clad requires a matching filler metal and, consequently, the girth welds are dissimilar joints. Although these types of welds are widely used in the petroleum industry their fracture toughness are not well documented. Of particular concern is the formation of hard zones in HAZ which are usually associated with low fracture toughness. Joints of API X-60 pipes welded using NiCrMo-3 consumables were CTOD tested at 0°C. Results consistently revealed high fracture toughness values for the weld metal. The HAZ-FL, on the other hand, presented lower values and they were significantly dispersed. Microstructural and fractographic analyses revealed that low values of toughness are associated with local brittle zones (LBZ) mainly IRCGHAZ. The fracture of the specimen that presented the lowest toughness initiated in a partially mixed zone containing hard martensite.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME

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