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Strain History Effects on Fracture Mechanics Parameters: Application to Reeling

[+] Author Affiliations
Hugo A. Ernst, Richard E. Bravo

TENARIS-SIDERCA, Campana, Argentina

Federico Daguerre, Alfonso Izquierdo

TENARIS Group, Veracruz, México

Paper No. OMAE2005-67007, pp. 11-19; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/OMAE2005-67007
From:
  • ASME 2005 24th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering
  • 24th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering: Volume 3
  • Halkidiki, Greece, June 12–17, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4197-9 | eISBN: 0-7918-3759-9
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME

abstract

It is now well accepted that welded structures may contain flaws, and that these do not necessarily affect structural integrity or service performance. This is implicitly recognized by most welding fabrication codes that specify weld flaw tolerance, or acceptance, levels based on experience and workmanship practice. However, these levels are somewhat arbitrary and do not provide a quantitative measure of structural integrity, i.e. how “close” a particular structure containing a flaw is to the failure condition. This concept is of special interest in cases in which the pipe is subjected to loads that produce important deformations. In particular the reeling process, used to install offshore lines, produce large cyclic plastic deformation on the pipes. In this work the method to perform a structural reliability analysis (SRA) for a tube subject to reeling is considered in detail. A fracture mechanics based methodology is reviewed and the points that need to be resolved before extending the methods to include reeling are clearly identified. The effect of the strain history on the applied and material fracture mechanics parameters were studied. A theoretical model was developed to describe the crack driving force evolution through strain cycles. A criterion was proposed and corroborated to represent material fracture resistance behavior. An experimental program was carried out. The material analyzed was a X65 - tube 355.4 × 22.2 mm. Monotonic and cyclic fracture mechanic tests were performed on single edge notch in tension (SENT) specimens. The material fracture resistance curve was determined based on the monotonic tests. The cyclic tests were used to determine experimentally the applied fracture mechanic parameters evolution. A very good agreement between predicted and measured CTOD values was obtained for the cases analyzed. A methodology to perform a SRA for tube subjected to reeling is proposed.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME

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