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Pre-Design Studies of Cycles With Energy, Exergy, Thermoeconomy and ELCA Analysis

[+] Author Affiliations
Ahmad R. Azimian

Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran

Pernilla L. Olausson, Mohsen Assadi

Lund Institute of Technology, Lund, Sweden

Paper No. GT2002-30418, pp. 313-318; 6 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2002-30418
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2002: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 4: Turbo Expo 2002, Parts A and B
  • Amsterdam, The Netherlands, June 3–6, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3609-6 | eISBN: 0-7918-3601-0
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME

abstract

High efficiency, environmental friendliness, low operation and maintenance (O&M) costs, and lowest possible impact on the surroundings are some requirements of sustainable energy production. In selection of new power generation systems, a number of steps have to be taken into account to meet these requirements. Here the first law analysis has been implemented and investigated followed by a combination of the first and second law analyses (exergy analysis), and thermoeconomics, and finally an Exergetic Life Cycle Assessment (ELCA) is carried out for two different power cycles. The two cycles, investigated here, are a two-pressure level combined cycle, hereafter called (CC), and a Humid Air Turbine or (HAT-cycle). The main goal of this study is to point out the advantages and the difficulties related to the usage of each and every method and their combinations, and to identify the target groups that can gain knowledge and information using these methods. Since the operators of power plants often do not have access to detailed information about component materials, characteristics, etc., of the power cycle, assumptions have to be made when comparing different cycle configuration with each other. This limited type of data and information has also been used here to create a plausible scenario of how different pre-design methods can differ from each other. One major conclusion that has been drawn is that the two cycles investigated here are favorable in different situations and that the results from application of the three methods mentioned above indicate differences in which cycle is the preferable one. However, using a combination of different analysis methods illuminates the plant strengths and limitations during pre-design studies, but conflicting results need to be resolved to obtain the most cost effective and environmentally-friendly power cycle.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME
Topics: Exergy , Design , Cycles

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