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Initial Operation and Analysis of a Cogeneration Laboratory

[+] Author Affiliations
Andrew Banta

California State University, Sacramento, CA

Paper No. GT2002-30256, pp. 261-270; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2002-30256
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2002: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 4: Turbo Expo 2002, Parts A and B
  • Amsterdam, The Netherlands, June 3–6, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3609-6 | eISBN: 0-7918-3601-0
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME

abstract

California State University, Sacramento, has constructed and put into service a stand alone cogeneration laboratory. The major components are a 75 kW gas turbine and generator, a waste heat boiler, and a 10 ton absorption chiller. Initial testing has been completed with efforts concentrating on the gas turbine engine and the absorption chiller. A two part thermodynamic performance analysis procedure has been developed to analyze the cogeneration plant. A first law energy balance around the gas turbine determines the heat into the engine. A Brayton cycle analysis of the gas turbine engine is then compared with the measured performance. While this engine is quite small, this method of analysis gives very consistent results and can be applied to engines of all sizes. Careful attention to details is required to obtain agreement between the calculated and measured outputs; typically they are within 10 to 15 percent. In the second part of the performance analysis experimental operation of the absorption chiller has been compared to that specified by the manufacturer and a theoretical cycle analysis. While the operation is within a few percent of that specified by the manufacturer, there are some interesting differences when it is compared to a theoretical analysis.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME

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