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Turbulence-Chemistry Interactions in Spray Combustion

[+] Author Affiliations
Vaidyanathan Sankaran, Suresh Menon

Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA

Paper No. GT2002-30091, pp. 553-562; 10 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2002: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 1: Turbo Expo 2002
  • Amsterdam, The Netherlands, June 3–6, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3606-1 | eISBN: 0-7918-3601-0
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME


A prediction methodology based on Large-Eddy Simulation (LES) has been used to study turbulence-chemistry interactions in spray combustion. The unsteady interactions between spray dispersion and vaporization, fuel-air mixing and heat release has been investigated using a Stochastic Separated Flow model for spray within the LES formulation. The effects of swirl intensity and heat release are investigated here. Results show that the central toroidal recirculation zone (CTRZ), which is a manifestation of the vortex breakdown process, occurs only under high swirl conditions. Under non-reacting condition, droplets tend to concentrate in regions of low vorticity and increase in swirl increases the dispersion of the droplets. Mixing efficiency is enhanced and the size of the corner recirculation zone is decreased with increase in swirl. Increase in swirl also enhances the combustion processes for cases with heat release.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME



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