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Integrating the Staged Prevaporizer-Premixer Into Gas Turbine Cycles

[+] Author Affiliations
J. S. Campbell, Jr., P. C. Malte, S. de Bruyn Kops, I. Novosselov

University of Washington, Seattle, WA

John C. Y. Lee

Solar Turbines, Inc., San Diego, CA

M. A. Benjamin

Parker Hannifin Corporation, Mentor, OH

Paper No. GT2002-30081, pp. 459-468; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2002-30081
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2002: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 1: Turbo Expo 2002
  • Amsterdam, The Netherlands, June 3–6, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3606-1 | eISBN: 0-7918-3601-0
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME

abstract

This paper describes a cycle analysis study on the use of the staged prevaporizer-premixer injector (SPP) in high-pressure gas turbine systems fired with liquid fuel. A review of the SPP is given, including discussions of its operational concepts and previous research. The main portions of the paper consist of analyzing the use of the SPP in three different gas turbine systems: a steam-injected gas turbine (STIG) engine, a Frame H gas turbine in combined cycle, and a reheat gas turbine in combined cycle. Focus is placed on determining the effect of the SPP on cycle efficiency. In addition, SPP use in an engine conventionally recuperated by heat exchange from the exhaust gas stream to the compressor discharge air is examined. The SPP offers the potential of low NOx emissions for liquid-fired gas turbines. Because water injection is a method currently practiced for the reduction of NOx, simulations of engines without the SPP but with water injection into the combustor are also performed and comparisons are made. The simulation process is described, as are methods of how the SPP is implemented into the various engines. Results of the study are given, showing the effect of SPP use on cycle efficiency. In general, except for application to the conventionally recuperated engine, use of the SPP causes a decrease in cycle efficiency of around 1–3 percent (relative). The impact of water injection is somewhat greater, causing a 2.5–4 percent (relative) decrease in cycle efficiency. Further, the water injection does not provide as much NOx control as the lean prevaporized-premixed combustion.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME
Topics: Gas turbines , Cycles

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