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Non-Intrusive Measurements of a LPP Combustor Under Elevated Pressure Conditions

[+] Author Affiliations
R. Fink

MTU Aero Engines, München, Germany

A. Hupfer, D. Rist

Technical University of München, Garching, Germany

Paper No. GT2002-30078, pp. 441-447; 7 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2002-30078
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2002: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 1: Turbo Expo 2002
  • Amsterdam, The Netherlands, June 3–6, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3606-1 | eISBN: 0-7918-3601-0
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME

abstract

To meet increasingly tight regulations on emission control appropriate combustor designs need to be developed. With different combustion concepts like RQL (Rich Quench Lean) and LPP (Lean Premixed Prevaporized) it has been proven that it is possible to reach the objective of a significant reduction of the NOX emissions. To gain further insight into the real combustion process it is of importance to be able to “look into” the flame without interfering with the actual combustion process. At the combustion laboratory of the Institute of Flight Propulsion at Munich University of Technology a combustion test facility is set up to study combustion characteristics under pressure up to 6 bar and inlet airflow temperature up to 650 K. A newly designed LPP concept was adapted into an optically accessible model combustion chamber. The objective of the study was to operate the LPP combustor under semi-realistic conditions and to obtain more knowledge on the influence of pressure on the combustion process. With suitable non-intrusive laser-spectroscopic measuring techniques like LIF (Laser Induced Fluorescence) the fuel spray, the nitric oxides and the hydroxyl radical were detected in several planes parallel to the combustor axis at different combustor pressures. As expected the pressure has a strong effect on droplet distribution and evaporation. Also with increasing pressure it was possible to operate the combustor under leaner conditions. A strong dependence on pressure of the formation of nitric oxides was detected. To quantify these results samples with a water-cooled probe were taken, analyzed and compared with the non intrusive measurements.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME

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