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Experimental Feedback on Sodium Loop Decommissioning at the CEA

[+] Author Affiliations
O. Vinoche

DESS PRNT, Marseille Cedex, France

G. Rodriguez

CEA/DEN/DER, Saint Paul Lez Durance, France

Paper No. ICONE10-22764, pp. 1033-1037; 5 pages
doi:10.1115/ICONE10-22764
From:
  • 10th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering
  • 10th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering, Volume 4
  • Arlington, Virginia, USA, April 14–18, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Nuclear Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3598-7 | eISBN: 0-7918-3589-8
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME

abstract

The aim of this paper is to present experimental feedback on sodium loop dismantling techniques at the CEA (The French Atomic Energy Commission) and to offer recommendations for the decommissioning of Fast Breeder Reactor secondary sodium loops. This study is divided into several parts which correspond to the different stages of a dismantling system. It is based on acquired CEA decommissioning experience which primarily concerns the following: the decommissioning of RAPSODIE (France’s first Fast Breeder Reactor), the PHENIX reactor secondary loop replacement, the sodium loop decommissioning carried out by the Laboratory of Sodium Technologies and Treatment, and several technical documents. This paper deals with the main results of this survey. First, a comparison of 8 pipe-cutting techniques is made, taking into account speed in cutting, reliability, dissemination, fire risk due to the presence of sodium, cutting depth, and different types of waste (empty pipes, sodium-filled pipes, tanks...). This comparison has led us to recommend the use of an alternative saw or a chain saw rather than the use of the plasma torch or grinder. Different techniques are recommended depending on if they are on-site, initial cuttings or if they are to be carried out in a specially-designed facility referred to hereafter as “the cutting building”. After the cutting stage, the sodium waste must be processed with water to become an ultimate stable waste. Four treatment processes are compared with different standards: speed, cost, low activity adaptability and “large sodium quantity” adaptability. Recommendations are also made for reliable storage, and for the general dismantling system organization. Last, calculations are presented concerning a complete dismantling facility prototype capable of treating large amounts of sodium.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME

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