Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Experimental Investigations on a Jatropha Oil Methyl Ester Fuelled Diesel Engine

[+] Author Affiliations
J. G. Suryawanshi, N. V. Deshpande

Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

Paper No. ICES2005-1040, pp. 253-260; 8 pages
  • ASME 2005 Internal Combustion Engine Division Spring Technical Conference
  • ASME 2005 Internal Combustion Engine Division Spring Technical Conference
  • Chicago, Illinois, USA, April 5–7, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Internal Combustion Engine Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4184-7 | eISBN: 0-7918-3753-X
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


Biodiesel is a non-toxic, biodegradable and renewable fuel with the potential to reduce engine exhaust emissions. The methyl ester of jatropha oil, known as biodiesel, is receiving increasing attention as an alternative fuel for diesel engines. The biodiesel is obtained through transesterification process. Various properties of the biodiesel thus developed are evaluated and compared in relation to that of conventional diesel oil. In the present investigation neat jatropha oil methyl ester (JME) as well as the blends of varying proportions of jatropha oil methyl ester (JME) and diesel were used to run a CI engine. A four stroke diesel engine having compression ratio of 17.5: 1 and developing 5.2 kW at 1500 rpm was used. Experiments were initially carried out on the engine at all loads using diesel to provide baseline data. Significant improvements in engine performance and emission characteristics were observed for JME fuel. The addition of jatropha methyl ester (JME) to diesel fuel has significantly reduced HC, CO, CO2 and smoke emissions but it increases the NOx emission slightly. The maximum reduction in smoke emission was observed by 35% in case of neat biodiesel operation as compared to diesel. The unburned hydrocarbon emission was drastically reduced by 53% for neat biodiesel operation.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME
Topics: Diesel engines , Ester



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In